What belongs in a First Aid Kit?

Part of being a good first aider is for candidates to be prepared with full and well stocked first aid kit. When candidates take first aid courses they learn to use a variety of different first aid equipment. Without the proper equipment their ability to help will be severely hampered. It is important, that after candidates, after taking first aid courses, be aware of where the first aid kit is and when to re-stock with the proper equipment. First aid kits should also be easily accessible, well organized, water resistant, clearly labelled and in a bright-coloured container. It is important to note that prior to making, purchasing or obtaining a first aid kit to check with local guidelines and legislation for area-specific equipment required.

For more information about how to apply the equipment and materials found in a first aid kit take a first aid course in your location. We are partnered with a number of first aid providers throughout Canada. These providers are located in Surrey, Vancouver, Calgary, Regina, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Ottawa, Kelowna, and Winnipeg.

First aid equipment can be divided into three groups:

  • Basic – items that need to be readily available.
  • Advanced – items that are necessary if emergency medical services is not available.
  • Extra’s – items that are useful but not necessities.
The following is the content required for a basic first aid kit:
  • Attendant scissors
  • Gloves
  • Antiseptic towellettes (non-alcohol based)
  • Tweezers
  • Cotton-tip applicators
  • Wound closures (such as steristrips)
  • Sterile telfa pads (individually wrapped 25 by 10 cm)
  • Sterile gauze pads (individually wrapped 10 by 10 cm)
  • Bandage strips or assorted adhesive dressings (also known as “band-aids”)
  • Absorbent pads (also known as “Abd Pads” or “Drainage Dressing”)
  • Adhesive tape
  • Cloth triangular bandages, at least 3 (Also known as triangle bandages)
  • Crepe bandages (at least 2)
The following content can be added to a advanced first aid kit:
  • Parrafin-impregnated gauze dressing.
  • Splints (either metal or SAM splints)
  • Spinal board
  • Cloth triangular bandages, at least 7
  • Ice packs or instant cold packs, at least 2
  • Sandbags / head rolls
  • ASA tablets (example: Aspirin)
The following content can be added to the “extras” content of a first aid kit:
  • Razors and blades
  • Thermometers (oral and rectal ranging from 32 to 45 degrees Celsius)
  • Additional rolls adhesive tape (2 cm)
  • Additional cloth triangular bandages
  • Blood pressure cuff and stethoscope
  • Large syringe
  • Pressure dressing
The following contents are added luxuries to a first aid kit:
  • Penlight
  • Finger splints
  • Sterile saline solution
  • Forearm tendinitis splints
This first aid kit content is the recommended content provided by the Canadian Lifesaving Society. It is important to not, that without first aid training and without attending first aid courses it is irrelevant as to what is in a first aid kit. Without the skills, knowledge and training to use the equipment a first aid kit is near useless to someone with proper education. Take a first aid course and learn to efficiently and effectively use the contents of a first aid kit.



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